Most of the Western world hardly noticed the dramatic toppling of governor Ricardo Rosello at the hands of Puerto Rican crowds enraged by 900 page of leaked comments on which he poured scorn on black people, women, gays and the Puerto Rican people. But behind this climbdown lie far larger forces that do not bode well for the USA’s future.
For the administration of Puerto Rico, despite its colonial status, is emblematic of the US as a whole. Extraordinarily as this article explains, there is not a single candidate for governor that has not been embroiled in the huge corruption scandals that enmesh the entire administration – and have redduced the colony to a state of penury so bad that its population fell by a historic 3.9% last year, the largest since 1950.
By Sasha Ingber
Published on NPR, July 29, 2019
Days before Puerto Rico’s embattled governor is scheduled to resign, his successor remains unclear, leaving the island’s future in question.
Gov. Ricardo Rosselló is scheduled to vacate the office Aug. 2. He announced his resignation following nearly two weeks of mass protests over “Rickyleaks,” leaked chats on the Telegram messaging app that showed him and close aides disrespecting women, ridiculing gay people and mocking victims of Hurricane Maria.
The man who would have been Rosselló’s next in line, Puerto Rico Secretary of State Luis Rivera Marín, isn’t an option, having resigned earlier this month over his involvement in the scandal. His position has remained vacant for about two weeks.
And now the island’s justice secretary, Wanda Vázquez, who was expected to replace Rosselló, says she doesn’t want the job.
“I reiterate, I have no interest in occupying the position of governor,” Vázquez said Sunday.
She said she hoped Rosselló would identify and nominate candidates for the secretary of state position, and that she had communicated her hope to the governor.
Me reitero, no tengo interés en ocupar el puesto de Gobernadora. Es un dictamen Constitucional. Espero que el señor Gobernador identifique y someta un candidato para el puesto de Secretario/a de Estado antes del 2 de agosto y así se lo he manifestado.
— Lcda Wanda Vázquez Garced (@wandavazquezg) July 28, 2019
Before Sunday’s announcement, the possibility that Vázquez might become governor was swiftly met with outrage. Critics derided her ties to Rosselló and used the hashtag #WandaRenuncia, like #RickyRenuncia, to denounce her leadership.
Local media outlets have reported on accusations against Vázquez, including that she launched a domestic violence investigation against a political opponent. A demonstration against her had been planned for Monday.
With Vázquez declining the governor position, NPR podcast editor Luis Trelles described the U.S. commonwealth’s situation as “a complicated game of musical chairs.”
The next in line for the governorship would be the island’s treasury secretary. But Francisco Parés Alicea assumed office less than a month ago, after Rosselló fired his predecessor. At 31 years old, he does not meet the minimum required age of 35 to be governor.
The next person who could replace Rosselló is Education Secretary Eligio Hernández Pérez. He took the position from Julia Keleher. She and the former chief of Puerto Rico’s Health Insurance Administration, Ángela Ávila-Marrero, were arrested and charged in connection with a federal corruption investigation. They allegedly funneled some $15.5 million in lucrative government contracts to business friends.
Pérez previously worked as deputy secretary at the Department of Education, and some view him as tainted.
And after him comes yet another official who is younger than the minimum age of 35, NPR’s David Welna reports.
“At this point, it seems that it all depends still on who Gov. Rosselló may name as the secretary of state in his last days in office,” Trelles says.
Puerto Ricans are set to elect a governor in November 2020.
On Sunday, another official involved in the chats scandal announced that he was leaving his job. “I learned from my mother, the more difficult the situation, the stronger we must be in facing it,” Secretary of Public Affairs Anthony Maceira wrote in his resignation letter to the governor.
Protests have gripped the island since Puerto Rico’s Center for Investigative Journalism published nearly 900 pages of leaked exchanges on July 13. The exchanges also revealed that officials had been discussing how to discredit critics and exploit public opinion.
Rosselló initially apologized and defied calls to step down, sparking outrage and daily demonstrations in the capital. As protests continued, the streets of the old city of San Juan began to resemble a war zone, with fire, shattered glass, rubber bullets and gas canisters.
In 2017, the commonwealth filed for bankruptcy protection, setting in motion the largest municipal debt restructuring in U.S. history. Residents on the island have faced slashed public services and more than a decade of recession. About 44% of people in Puerto Rico live in poverty, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
Nearly two years ago, hurricanes a month apart devastated the island. The sole provider of electricity took more than a year to restore power to all homes after Hurricane Maria.
Following the destruction caused by hurricanes Irma and Maria, the island saw what a Pew Research Center report called a “historic net migration” last year. From 2017 to 2018, the population of Puerto Rico dropped 3.9%, which Pew says “represents the largest year-to-year drop since 1950, the first year for which annual data is available.”