In COVID-19 Corona virus, Cuba, Economic Sanctions as Collective Punishment, Geopolitical Economy Research Group [GERG], Iran, Latin America and the Caribbean, Nicaragua, Syria, Venezuela, Video, Webinar


A geopolitical analysis of the social and health effects of sanctions, focusing on the cases of Cuba, Venezuela, Iran, Syria and Nicaragua.

Published on Geopolitical Economy, June 14, 2021

Economic sanctions are becoming an increasingly popular foreign policy instrument in Western countries, deployed alone or in conjunction with military and/or diplomatic interventions to achieve strategic political and policy goals, such as ostensibly protecting individuals and states from the behaviour of wrongdoers. Because economic sanctions are considered less violent than direct military assault, they are often supported by many on the left and the peace movement, who reluctantly accept the policy as a necessary evil. This panel, part of a broader series on sanctions, focuses on their public health effects, through an analysis of five case studies: Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua, Syria and Iran. All but one of these countries are currently under sanctions by both Canada and the United States.


Sara Kendall is a medical doctor trained in Havana, Cuba, a community organizer, arts and social justice education facilitator and professional paramedic from Vancouver, Canada.

Cira Pascual Marquina is a Political Science professor at the Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela in Caracas and a writer and editor for VenezuelAnalysis.

John Perry lives in Masaya, Nicaragua with a local NGO that promotes sustainable farming methods in the Masaya region.

Vanessa Beeley is an independent journalist and photographer who has worked extensively in the Middle East – on the ground in Syria, Egypt, Iraq and Palestine, while also covering Yemen since 2015.

Seyyed Mohammad Marandi is an Iranian American academic and political analyst, Professor of English Literature, Orientalism and American Studies at the University of Tehran in Iran.


Claudia Chaufan, is a retired physician and an Associate Professor of Health Policy and Graduate Program Director at York University.

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