In Multipolarity

Feature article by Joanna Slater, Globe and Mail, Nov 4, 2017

One Sunday morning in July, a routine traffic stop put Beatriz Morelos in the crosshairs of the Trump administration’s immigration crackdown. In Mexico, she reflects on what she’s lost; in Ohio, her husband and four children hope they’ll be reunited one day.

Beatriz Morelos, deported to Mexico from the U.S. in July 2017, and her four U.S.-born children

… From the time Mr. Trump became president through Sept. 9, the number of people deported from the interior of the United States – versus at the border itself – increased 34 per cent over the same period a year earlier, according to figures from Immigration and Customs Enforcement, or ICE. The number of people detained who have no criminal record has nearly tripled. Arrests by ICE have jumped more than 40 per cent…

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Related readings:

Trump’s next immigration target: people living legally in US after disaster struck their countries

VOX News, Nov 7, 2017

On Monday, President Trump’s Department of Homeland Security announced that it was unable to come to a decision about whether to extend Temporary Protected Status (an immigration program that allows people from a certain country living in the US to remain and work here indefinitely while their home countries recover from disaster) for 57,000 Hondurans. DHS is terminating the protections for 2,500 Nicaraguans as of January 2019.

The Hondurans get six more months of protection (assuming they reregister with US Citizenship and Immigration Services) while the Trump administration makes up its mind. But a senior administration official warned Monday that “given the information available to” Acting Secretary Elaine Duke, “it is possible that the TPS designation for Honduras may be terminated with an appropriate delay at the end of the 6-month period.”

Indeed, the State Department recommended Friday that it push both Honduras and Nicaragua out of the program — along with El Salvador and Haiti.

The four countries together account for about 300,000 people living legally in the US — many of them for decades. The administration will make decisions about their fates over the next few months. And it’s expected to tell all of these people that they’re no longer welcome…

Read the full article at the original weblink above.


The Obama record on deportations: Deporter-in-chief or not?

By Muzaffar Chishti, Sarah Pierce, and Jessica Bolter, Migration Policy Institute, Jan 26, 2017

Barack Obama was famously labeled “deporter in chief” by critics in the immigrant-rights community, even as enforcement-first advocates accused his administration of being soft on unauthorized immigrants. Which perception is accurate? With the Obama presidency just ended, a closer examination demonstrates the administration’s record is more nuanced than either criticism would imply.

Carefully calibrated revisions to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) immigration enforcement priorities and practices achieved two goals: Increasing penalties against unauthorized border crossers by putting far larger shares into formal removal proceedings rather than voluntarily returning them across the border, as had been longstanding practice; and making noncitizens with criminal records the top enforcement target. While there were fewer removals and returns under the Obama administration than each of the two prior administrations (see Table 1), those declines must be understood against the backdrop of a significant reduction in border apprehensions that resulted from a sharp decrease in unauthorized inflows, in particular of Mexicans. Analysts have attributed this trend, which began under the Bush administration, to improved economic conditions in Mexico, reduced postrecession job demand in the United States, ramped-up enforcement, and the increased use of different enforcement tactics at the border.

Table 1: U.S. immigration enforcement record, 1993-2016 (chart by Migration Policy Institute)

The enforcement priorities and policies, which evolved over the years, represented a significant departure from those of the Bush and Clinton administrations. As detailed below, the Obama-era policies represented the culmination of a gradual but consistent effort to narrow its enforcement focus to two key groups: The deportation of criminals and recent unauthorized border crossers.

The most recent enforcement figures released by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) on December 30 offer the latest evidence of these trends. Eighty-five percent of all removals and returns during fiscal year (FY) 2016 were of noncitizens who had recently crossed the U.S. border unlawfully. Of the remainder, who were removed from the U.S. interior, more than 90 per cent had been convicted of what DHS defines as serious crimes…

Read the full article at the original weblink above.


Canada readies for potential refugee influx as U.S. ends protection status for Nicaragua, Global TV News, Nov 7, 2017

… The year 2018 could, therefore, bring additional challenges for the Canadian Border Services Agency. While the number of Nicaraguans affected is small [2,500], TPS status is also set to end for citizens of Haiti in January, affecting about 46,000 people. Canada already saw a large influx of Haitians crossing into Canada seeking asylum over the spring and summer months.

But the biggest group of TPS-protected people in the U.S. are the 200,000 citizens of El Salvador, whose protected status will expire in March. As with Honduras, a renewal is not considered likely…

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