In Turkey / Türkiye

By David Trilling, Eurasia.net, April 21, 2015

The following article is a reminder that the economic sanctions against Russia by the imperialist countries have economic consequences not only for the Russian people and farmers in Europe. The most serious consequences are felt by the migrant workers who work in Russia and the families who depend upon their remittances sent home. These include workers in the Caucasus, central Asia and eastern Europe.

New data show that Central Asian governments have been right to fear Russia’s economic crisis was heading their way: Remittances from migrant laborers are falling sharply, more than in any other region worldwide.

Remittances from working in Russia and elsewhere

Remittances from working in Russia and elsewhere

Migrant remittances are the largest single source of foreign currency in Tajikistan and an important factor in declining poverty rates throughout Central Asia in recent years. So the contracting Russian economy and stricken ruble – brought on by a sudden fall in oil prices and Western sanctions – have a direct impact on millions of the region’s laborers and their families back home.

“Overall, reduced remittances are likely to worsen standards of living in remittance-receiving countries, and the increasing number of returned migrants could put upward pressures on unemployment rates,” the World Bank said in a regular briefing on April 13.

Tajikistan – which sends approximately one-half of its working age males to labor in Russia – is the most remittance-dependent country in the world. Remittances account for the equivalent of 49 percent of GDP, according to the World Bank. In dollar terms, they fell 8 percent last year, largely in the fourth quarter, and are expected to decline another 23 percent in 2015.

Kyrgyzstan is the world’s second most remittance-dependent country, with remittances totaling the equivalent of 32 percent of GDP. Last year they fell 1 percent, but are expected to drop another 23 percent this year.

In Uzbekistan, where remittances total the equivalent of 11.9 percent of GDP, they fell 16 percent last year; they are expected to drop another 30 percent in 2015.

The region’s currencies have all been affected. In recent weeks Tajikistan’s government has taken drastic measures to staunch the somoni’s losses. The currency is down 14.5 percent against the dollar so far this year.

Indeed, the sharp remittance declines have been augmented by the ascendant dollar, the Bank noted, which has reduced the purchasing power of cash transfers:

[T]he depreciation of the ruble compounded the decline in the US dollar value of remittances to Central Asia. To take one country as an example, the ruble value of remittances in Tajikistan increased by 7.6 percent over-a-year ago in the fourth quarter of 2014. However, the ruble depreciated against the dollar by 32 percent in that period, and the dollar value of remittances fell by 26.7 percent.

With the ruble rebounding somewhat in recent weeks and the price of oil not as low as some had forecast, losses this year may not be as bad as predicted. But uncertainty reigns, and new regulations making it harder for Central Asians to work legally in Russia are also taking a toll on transfers.

The World Bank expects remittances to Central Asia will start growing again in 2016.

Read also:

Armenia faces cash-crunch as Russian remittances slump, by Marianna Grigoryan, Eurasia.net, April 9, 2015

Central Asia: The drop in remittances from Russia is bad, but how bad?, by David Trilling, Eurasia.net, March 27, 2015
Russia’s Central Bank has released new data showing drops as steep as 15 percent in the amount of money transferred by individuals to Central Asia in 2014 versus the year before. Much of that cash – no one can say exactly how much – comprises remittances from labor migrants.

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