In Multipolarity, Saturday, Feb 25, 2017

The bombings took place as the third day of peace talks in Geneva were taking place.

And further below:
* New anti-ISIS strategy may mean deeper U.S. involvement in Syria
, Associated Press, Feb 27, 2017
* Trump to boost Pentagon budget by $54bn – White House,, Feb 27, 2017
* Trump to ask for sharp increases in military spending, officials say, New York Times, Feb 27, 2017
* Head of Syria’s delegation at Geneva denies rumors of departure from peace talks, Sputnik News, Feb 27, 2017

A total of 50 people have been killed and 24 others injured in several suicide bombings outside Syrian military facilities in the city of Homs, according to SANA, with Damascus saying the attacks were aimed at undermining the Geneva peace talks.

Syrian city of Homs (Omar Sanadiki, Reuters)

Six simultaneous suicide bombings targeted two security centers and surrounding areas in Homs earlier Saturday, the official SANA news agency reported, citing the Syrian Foreign Ministry. Syrian Army General Hassan Daaboul, the chief of the province’s military security unit, is said to be among the victims.

Homs Governor Talal al-Barazi told Syria’s Al-Ikhbariya TV that the security service’s local HQ and the military intelligence building had been the terrorists’ targets. “The security detail repelled the attack and prevented the militants from breaking into the buildings, but the terrorists managed to detonate their explosive devices,” Al-Barazi said.

The Al-Nusra Front terror group, which now calls itself Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, has claimed responsibility for the suicide bombings.

The Syrian Foreign Ministry has sent a letter to the UN Secretary General and Security Council (UNSC), pointing out that “this terrorist act of aggression comes with the start of the third day of the talks called for by the UN Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura in Geneva, and it aims at undermining the positive results achieved at the first and second meetings in Astana.”

“This dangerous development necessitates that [not only UN Secretary General and UNSC, but] also the Special Envoy condemn this act of terror and that all the factions participating in Geneva talks, without exception, condemn such terrorist attacks,” the ministry said, as cited by SANA.

Damascus stressed that the “moment of truth” has come “to double efforts to unite the international community in its fight against terrorism and punish the countries supporting it.”

The Syrian government negotiator in Geneva, Bashar Jaafari, also said that “the terrorist explosions that hit Homs city are a message to Geneva from sponsors of terrorism, and we tell everyone that the message is received and this crime won’t pass unnoticed.”

Ahead of his meeting with Jaafari, de Mistura expressed hope that the events in Homs won’t affect the Geneva negotiations between the Syrian government and the opposition. “Every time we have talks, or negotiations, there is always someone who tries to spoil… I am expecting (it), unfortunately, spoilers,” the UN envoy to Syria said as cited by Reuters.

De Mistura, who earlier talked to the opposition, is meeting with the Damascus delegation in Geneva on Saturday and Sunday.

On Friday, the Syrian government delegation received a procedural paper from the envoy, where he presented his vision of the format of the talks. According to Sputnik’s sources, de Mistura suggested creating three working groups for the discussion of each of the key issues, including governance, constitution and elections.

The Homs blasts come as Syrian army units continue to move eastward in a bid to retake the ancient city of Palmyra, located in Homs province. On Friday, the troops defeated Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) as well as Al Nusra Front militants near the mountain of Al-Hayal, which overlooks Palmyra’s western neighborhoods, SANA reported.

Homs, Syria’s third-largest city, was where anti-government riots began in 2011. Syrian forces recaptured the opposition stronghold after a major push in late 2015, when rebels withdrew from the last district under their control, leaving the city fully in the hands of the government.

New anti-ISIS strategy may mean deeper U.S. involvement in Syria

By Robert Burns and Lolita C. Balfour, Associated Press, Feb 27, 2017

WASHINGTON — A new military strategy to meet President Donald Trump’s demand to “obliterate” the Islamic State group is likely to deepen U.S. military involvement in Syria, possibly with more ground troops, even as the current U.S. approach in Iraq appears to be working and will require fewer changes.

Details are sketchy. But recommendations due at the White House on Monday are likely to increase emphasis on nonmilitary elements of the campaign already underway, such as efforts to squeeze IS finances, limit the group’s recruiting and counter IS propaganda that is credited with inspiring recent violence in the U.S. and Europe. One official with knowledge of the recommendations said the report would present a broad overview of options as a starting point for a more detailed internal discussion. The official wasn’t authorized to speak to reporters about the contents of the document and demanded anonymity

Marine Corps Gen. Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said Thursday that the emerging strategy will take aim not just at the Islamic State militants but at al-Qaida and other extremist organizations in the Middle East and beyond, whose goal is to attack the United States. He emphasized that it would not rest mainly on military might.

“This is a political-military plan,” he said. “It is not a military plan.”

Dunford’s comment suggests that Pentagon leaders have a more nuanced view of the IS problem than is reflected in Trump’s promise to “obliterate” the group, as he put it on Friday. Dunford said the U.S. should be careful that in solving the IS problem it does not create others, hinting at the sensitive question of how to deal with Turkey, which is a NATO ally with much at stake in neighboring Syria, and Russia, whose military action in Syria has had the effect of propping up the Syrian regime.

Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is giving the White House the ingredients of a strategy, which officials say will be fleshed out once Trump has considered the options. Officials described the Mattis report as a “framework” built on broad concepts and based on advice from the State Department, the CIA and other agencies. Officials have indicated the recommended approaches will echo central elements of the Obama administration’s strategy, which was based on the idea that the U.S. military should support local forces rather than do the fighting for them. Mattis already has signaled publicly that he sees no value in having U.S. combat forces take over the ground war.

“I would just tell you that by, with and through our allies is the way this coalition is going against Daesh,” Mattis said last week in Baghdad, using an Arabic term for the Islamic State group. “We’re going to continue to go after them until we destroy them and any kind of belief in the inevitability of their message.”

Trump signed an executive order on Jan. 28 giving Mattis 30 days to present a “preliminary draft” of a plan. He said it should include a comprehensive strategy that would not only deliver a battlefield victory but also “isolate and delegitimize” the group and its radical ideology.

Asked if adding more U.S. troops or arming the Syrian Kurds was under discussion, Mattis said he will “accommodate any request” from his field commanders.

“We owe some degree of confidentiality on exactly how we’re going to do that and the sequencing of that fight so that we don’t expose to the enemy what it is we have in mind in terms of the timing of the operations,” Mattis told reporters. But he said those are “some of the issues that we’ll be dealing with as we go forward, and we’ll be addressing each one of them, from intelligence, to tactics, to logistics as we sustain the fight going into this.”

Army Gen. Joseph Votel, the commander of U.S. Central Command, which oversees military operations in the Mideast, has said more American troops may be needed to speed up the fight in Syria. The U.S. currently has about 500 special operations forces in Syria helping to organize, advise and assist local forces.

One of the thorniest problems the Trump administration will consider is whether to change the U.S. approach to Russia’s military role in Syria. Although Trump has suggested an interest in working with Russia against IS, the Pentagon has been reluctant to go beyond military-to-military contacts aimed at avoiding accidents in the airspace over Syria.

Senior military leaders, including Mattis, seem more confident in the Iraqi military campaign, lending weight to the idea that the options will put a greater emphasis on Syria.

Officials say providing more heavy equipment and arms to the U.S.-backed Syrian Kurds is a likely — but politically sensitive — option.

NATO ally Turkey considers the Kurdish fighters, known as the YPG, a terrorist organization. But the YPG forms the main force to retake Raqqa, the Islamic State militants’ self-proclaimed capital and base of operations. Some in the Pentagon have suggested giving the Kurds heavy weapons, including rocket-propelled grenades, machine guns and heavy combat vehicles, but the Obama administration rejected the idea.

Other options include sending more Apache helicopters into the fight, and sending in more U.S. troops to help train Syrian forces.

The options on Iraq may well include decisions on the future U.S. commitment to the country. Both Mattis and Lt. Gen. Stephen Townsend, the top U.S. commander in Iraq, said that they believe the U.S. will have an enduring partnership with Iraq.

“I imagine we’ll be in this fight for a while, and we’ll stand by each other,” Mattis said in Baghdad.

Townsend declined to say how long the U.S. will stay in Iraq. But, he said, “I don’t anticipate that we’ll be asked to leave by the government of Iraq immediately after Mosul,” he said, referring to the city that U.S.-backed Iraqi forces are in the midst of retaking.

Further related news:
Trump to boost Pentagon budget by $54bn – White House,, Feb 27, 2017

Trump to ask for sharp increases in military spending, officials say, by Glenn Thrush, Kate Kelly and Maggie Haberman, New York Times, Feb 26, 2017

Head of Syria’s delegation at Geneva denies rumors of departure from peace talks, Sputnik News, Feb 27, 2017


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