Published on the Facebook page of Ivan Katchanovski, Nov 18, 2015
Results of forensic ballistic expert analyses of the Maidan massacre were for the first time made public during the Berkut officers trial on November 12, 2015. Forensic analyses of bullets in March 2014 revealed that 11 protesters (Poliansky, Korneev, Baidovsky, Kemsky, Bliok, Saienko, Zhalovaha, Shymko, Dmytriv, Khrapachanko, and Smolensky) were killed from the same single 7.62×39 caliber weapon, and that this weapon could have been a Kalshnikov assault rifle, a hunting AKM-based carbine, or other firearms of this caliber (1h42m).
The results of this long withheld ballistic expert report independently confirm my APSA paper findings that all these 11 protesters were killed from the Maidan-controlled Hotel Ukraina.
A report by Maidan NGOs and lawyers representing families of the victims stated that the government investigation concluded that one of these 11 protesters (Khrapachenko) was killed from this hotel. A testimony by Volodymyr Pastushok, a member of the Volhynian Company of the Maidan Self-Defense, reported direction of wounds, and time-stamped photos also show that Oleksander Khrapachenko from this unit was killed and another person wounded at 11:27am near the Berkut barricade on Instytutska Street by shots fired from the Hotel Ukraina. Pastushok said that investigators told him that they lost his initial testimony and tried him to change it and to say that Khrapachenko was shot not from the Hotel Ukraina but he refused. The prosecution then simply omitted the Khrapachenko case and charged the Berkut police with killings from the different positions of the 10 other protesters, even though both they and Khrapachenko were shot dead from the same single weapon.
A brother of another of these protestors testified in an earlier court hearing that Andrii Saienko was killed not from a Berkut position but from a top floor of the Hotel Ukraina. He made this conclusion on the basis of his brother’s position in a video at the moment of his killing and an entry wound location in upper right chest area and a steep wound channel. Even though Saienko’s brother and his lawyer officially handed in to investigators this video file in October 2014, the prosecution still charged two Berkut members with killings of these protesters, including Saienko. (p. 27 of the APSA paper). Videos of the moments of their killings and directions of their wounds made public during the trial also showed that Baidovsky and Kemsky were killed from the same Maidan-controlled hotel. My APSA paper cites and links to these and other publicly available videos, trial proceedings, conclusions of forensic medical reports, and eyewitness testimonies which indicated that all these 11 protesters were killed from the Hotel Ukraina. This analysis and official ballistic results suggest that a sniper or a group of snipers using the same weapon was able to kill the protesters from different sides of the hotel from almost the start of the killing spree till almost its end.
During the November 12 hearing, both defense lawyers and a prosecutor publicly revealed for the first time that ballistic analyses of bullets extracted from the protesters did not match bullets, which were fired from Berkut weapons and stored in the central bullet database of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (5h14m-5h54m). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HIISM02GruI
The official forensic bullet reports announced in court on November 12 concluded that Mykola-Oleh Pankiv was killed from a different 7.62×39 caliber weapon, which could have been an AKM-type assault rifle, an AK-based hunting carbine, or another firearm of this caliber (1h42m). Results of forensic medical reports made public on the same date in court indicated that he was shot from above (1h31m). They are consistent with my study findings that this protestor was shot from the Bank Arkada roof or from a roof window of a Horodetskoho Street building (p. 39).
The ballistic expert report stated that it cannot determine if the bullet extracted from the Pankiv body was fired from the same 7.62 caliber weapon as bullet pieces found in bodies of Solchanyk and Tarasiuk. A new video compilation shows that a Berkut member fired from his AKM at the general direction of these two protesters at about the moment of the killing of Solchanyk and within 1 minute range, when Tarasiuk was killed.
While their killings by this Berkut member cannot be excluded, Tarasiuk’s entry wound in the neck and an exit wound in the chest area and testimonies of eyewitnesses cited in my study point towards a shot from a steep upper position, which matches the Hotel Ukraina (p. 29). The likely Tarasiuk’s killing by the same exactly weapon from the Hotel Ukraina, apparent position of Solchanyk at the moment of his killing, the blood on the right side of his neck, and different sounds of shots, compared to the AKMS shots fired by Berkut at the same time, indicate that Solchanyk was most likely shot dead from the Hotel Ukraina. However, detailed information about their killings have not yet been made public in court or in the media.
The ballistic expert report also mentioned that ammunition found in Opanasiuk’s body was not of industrial production. This indicates that he was killed with a hunting ammunition. The trial previously revealed that he was killed instantly in the heart area while facing not the Berkut positions but the Hotel Ukraina at the moment of his killing in the “47” video (2:33).
The trial on November 9 revealed crucial new information corroborating my study findings that Voitovych was also killed from the Hotel Ukraina within 2 minutes of the Opanasiuk’s killing in the same place. The official investigation did not identify the exact place and the time of the Voitovych killing but noted that he was probably killed from the Hotel Ukraina (2h29m). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o6PhLzCEG70 But the Berkut was charged with killing both of them. His father during his court testimony identified the Voitovych position soon after his killing.in a Svoboda video (16:11) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IsE7lYVa5kk
His position facing the Hotel Ukraina and the direction of his entry wound in his cheek in the forensic medical report point towards a shooter in this Maidan-controlled hotel and not to Berkut positions. This video also shows that Oleksander Huch was lying on top of Voitovych. The videos of his wound, his x-ray scan of a bullet and his comments on his VK page show that Huch was wounded in his legs from in an upward and steep angle direction. His reported position indicates that he was likely shot from the Hotel Ukraina by a ricochet, possibly with the same bullet as Voitovych. A Belgian TV video captured at a distance a moment of their shooting. The Internet version of the video does not have sufficient resolution to see what exactly happened at that spot but it indicates that there was one gunshot at that time (1:26).
The moment of the Voitovych shooting in the Belgian video, Huch, and Trapezun, who witnessed their shooting and carried away in his hands wounded Huch were not mentioned during the trial session devoted to the Voitovych killing. Similarly, the Trapezun interviews about snipers at the Hotel Ukraina and Horodetskoho Street buildings wounding him and other protesters were not mentioned at all during the November 10 trial session concerning killing of Tochyn. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GVyYuqQk0ZM Tochyn was killed in the same time as Trapezun reported snipers shooting him and other protesters from these locations and SBU Alfa radiointercepts reported a group of likely snipers on the roof of a Horodetskoho street building.
Tochyn’s position in the “47” video at the moment of his killing and direction of entry and exit wounds in a forensic medical report, which was made public for the first time during this trial, suggest that he could have been shot from a government-controlled Club of Cabinet of Ministers during exchange of fire between Berkut and snipers shooting at both protesters and the police from these Maidan-controlled locations. However, the entry wound was identified in the forensic medical report as being much bigger and of irregular pattern compared to the identified exit wound (2h07m). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d7wU3subkQE Forensic studies state that typically the sizes and patterns of entry and exit wounds are opposite that the ones reported in the Tochyn case. Therefore, there is also a possibility that Tochyn was shot from the opposite direction, and this direction is consistent with reported presence at the time of his shooting of the snipers in the Hotel Ukraina and in the adjacent building on Horodetskoho Street.
Although my paper is a political science study, the defense lawyers found and introduced as new evidence two videos, which I cited in my paper. They stated that they just found about these videos, which are available on the Internet, from my study. (3h26m). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HIISM02GruI Previously some of the relatives of the killed Maidan protesters introduced as new evidence a Belgian TV video, which was reposted in the Facebook group devoted to the Maidan massacre soon after I publicized it.
The ongoing trial revelations provide more evidence in support of my study conclusions that the protesters were massacred from the Maidan-controlled locations in a false-flag operation, but that killings of some of the protesters by the Berkut cannot be excluded. The long withheld results of the ballistic expert reports alone suggest that that the absolute majority of the protesters were shot from the Maidan-controlled buildings, mainly the Hotel Ukraina. They indicate that nearly all of 16 protesters, killed by identified 7.62 caliber bullets, were shot from this hotel and nearby Horodestkoho Street and Bank Arkada buildings. Such caliber bullets were extracted from bodies of 16 out of 39 protesters, with whose killings Berkut members were charged, two protesters were killed by pellets, and one by unspecified hunting ammunition. It is likely that the absolute majority of other protesters, who were shot dead by bullets which were not found, were also killed from the same weapons. In addition, the official investigation did not charge the Berkut special company members with killings of 10 other protesters, because they were killed from other positions, such as the Hotel Ukraina. The mainstream media in Ukraine and the West again did not report these crucial new revelations from the Maidan massacre trial.
Long-delayed revelations in killings of the first Maidan protesters and in the Bulatov case, from a report on the Facebook page of Ivan Katchanovski, Nov 20, 2015